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广西南宁市西乡塘区   2013年就读 小学
学校:南宁三十三中 班级: 心事 12班
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回答

一、 一般现在时
1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。
2.时间状语: Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week(day, year, month…), on Sundays,
3.基本结构:动词 原形 (如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)
4.否定形式:主语+am/is/are +not+其他; 此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't, 如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。
5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首;用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。
6.例句:. It seldom snows here.
He is always ready to help others.
Action speaks louder than words..
[编辑本段]二、 一般过去时
1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。
2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.
3.基本结构:be动词;行为动词 的过去式
4.否定形式:主语+was/were +not+其他;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。
5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。
6.例句:She often came to help us in those days.
I didn't know you were so busy.
[编辑本段]三、 现在进行时
1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。
2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, etc. look. listen
3.基本结构:主语+be +doing +其他
4.否定形式:主语+be +not +doing+其他
5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。
6.例句: How are you feeling today?
He is doing well in his lessons.
[编辑本段]四、 过去进行时
1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。
2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。
3.基本结构 主语+was/were +doing +其他
4.否定形式:主语+was/were + not +doing+其他
5.一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。(第一个字母大写)
6.例句:At that time she was working in a PLA unit.
When he came in, I was reading a newspaper.
[编辑本段]五、 现在完成时
1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
2.时间状语:yet,already,just,never,ever,so far,by now,since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years, etc.
3.基本结构:主语+have/has +p.p(过去分词)+其他
4.否定形式:主语+have/has + not +p.p(过去分词)+其他
5.一般疑问句:have或has。
6.例句:I've written an article.
The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years.

回答

[编辑本段]六、 过去完成时
1.概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。
2.时间状语:Before, by the end of last year (term, month…), etc.
3.基本结构:主语+had + p.p(过去分词)+其他
4.否定形式:主语+had + not +p.p(过去分词)+其他
5.一般疑问句:had放于句首。
6.例句:As soon as we got to the station, the train had left.
By the end of last month. We had reviewed four books
基本结构:主语+had+p.p(过去分词)+其他
①肯定句:主语+ had+p.p(过去分词)+其他
②否定句:主语+ had+ not+p.p(过去分词)+其他
③一般疑问句:Had+主语+p.p(过去分词)+其他
④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句
[编辑本段]七、 一般将来时
1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。
2.时间状语:Tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.
3.基本结构:主语+am/is/are +going to + do+其他;主语+will/shall + do+其他
4.否定形式:主语+am/is/are not going to do ;主语+will/shall not do+其他
5.一般疑问句:be放于句首;will/shall提到句首。
6.例句:They are going to have a competition with us in studies.
It is going to rain.
[编辑本段]八、 过去将来时
1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。
2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.
3.基本结构:主语+was/were +going to + do+其他;主语+would/should + do+其他
4.否定形式:主语+was/were/not + going to + do; 主语+would/should + not + do.
5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。
6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.
I asked who was going there .
[编辑本段]九、将来完成时
1.概念:在将来某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态
2.时间状语:by the time of; by the end of+时间短语(将来);by the time+从句(将来)
3.基本结构:主语+be going to/will/shall + have+p.p(过去分词)+其他
4例句:By the time you get back, great changes will have taken place in this area.

回答

[编辑本段]十、现在完成进行时
1.概念:表示从过去某一时间开始一直延续到现在的动作。这一动作可能刚刚开始,也可能仍在继续,并可能延续到将来。
2.基本结构:主语+have/has +been +doing+其他
3.时间状语:since+时间点,for+时间段等。
4.例子:I have been sitting here for an hour.
The children have been watching TV since six o'clock.
[编辑本段]十一、 一般过去时与现在完成时的转换
在现在完成时中,延续性动词能与表示一段时间的状语连用,瞬间动词却不能。但是,可用别的表达方式:①瞬间动词用于“一段时间 + ago”的一般过去时的句型中;②瞬间动词可改成与之相对应的延续性动词及短语,与一段时间连用;③瞬间动词用于“It is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时”的句型中,表示“自从……以来有……时间”的意思,主句一般用it is来代替It has been;④瞬间动词用于“Some time has passed since + 一般过去时”的句型中。请看:
A. He joined the League two years ago.
B. He has been in the League for two years.
C. It is two years since he joined the League.
D. Two years has passed since he joined the League.
[编辑本段]十二、 一般现在时与现在进行时的转换
在一般现在时中,at加上名词表示“处于某种状态”,如at work(在工作), at school(上学、上课)等。此短语可与进行时态转换。请看:
Peter is at work, but Mike is at play.
Peter is working, but Mike is playing.
[编辑本段]十三、 现在进行时与一般将来时的转换
在现在进行时态中go, come, leave, start, arrive等动词常与表示将来的时间状语连用表示将要发生的动作。如:I am coming, Mum! 意为“我就来,妈妈!”请看:
The train is leaving soon.
The train will leave soon.

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回答

初 一 英语(下)各类作文范文 Unit 1 ---背教材第五页 3a 3b 根据个人实际情况写一则征笔友启事,启事中要做适当的自我介绍,例如:姓名、年龄、国家、现居住地、爱好、最喜欢的科目(电影、运动。。。)想找怎样的笔友等。 1、Dear friend , I’m Liu Fang .I’m 14 years old .I’m in HuiLi ,China . I have no brothers or sisters in my family. I can speak Chinese and a little Engliah . My favorite subject in school is English , because I think it’s very interesting.I also like music and art very much .I can sing and draw well ,too. I like playing the piano and playing basketball on weekends. How about you? I like to go to movies with my friends. My favorite movie is Beauty and Beast . Now I live with my parents . I want a pen pal in Australia .I want to learn about your country I want a pen pal in Australia .I think Australia is an interesting country .But I know it only a little . Can you write and tell me something about yourself?( Can you write to me soon ?) Yours, Liu Fang Unit 2 ----背教材P9 -3a、 P11- 3a,3b、 P12 -3 有用的短语:be across from 在…对面 be next to 在…旁边 be between …and…在…与…中间 be on 在…路上 be in front of 在…之前 be behind在…后面 go straight / Walk on 直走 turn left/right 左转/右转 on the left.right 在左/右边 Dear Tina , I’m very glad you are coming to my school . let me tell you the way to my school . There is a map for you .Go along this road and turn right at the second crossing . Go across the Bridge,then turn right and you’ll see a hospital .Our school is next to the hospital .our school is next to the hospital .The name of our school is Luchang Middle School .

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Unit 3---背教材P17-3a、3b 在我家附近的动物园里,有一头小象叫Larry,他来自非洲,七岁了,他喜欢吃水果和草。他对人们很友好。他喜欢玩水。他喜欢和游人玩。他既高大又强壮还有一个长鼻子,他的牙也很长。他的耳朵像两把大扇子。我非常喜欢他。 There is a baby elephant in the zoo .Its name is Larry .It comes from Africa .It’s 7 years old .It likes eating fruit and grass. It’s friendly to people .It likes playing with water and the people . It is tall and strong .It has a long nose .Its teeth are long ,too.Its ears are very big like two fans . I like it very much . 假设你所在的城市有一个大动物园,周末你们常常去那。那儿有很多动物,如:大象,老虎,熊猫,狮子,长颈鹿,你最喜欢的是哪个?为什么?你认为这些动物不快乐,他们应该生活在森林里,享受自由。 There is a big zoo in oue city .It isn’t far from my home .On weekends,My parents often take me to the zoo .There I can see many kinds of animals like elephants,tigers,panadas,monkeys,lions and giraffes .They are from different places .I like panadas best ,Because they are from our country . They are very cute . some of them are dangerous ,so they have to live in a cages . I think they are not happy ,because they aren’t free .They should live in the forest . Unit 4---背教材P23-3a、3b P24-3a 假如你叫Carl Smith ,你擅长写作和交谈。希望在电视台从事记者工作。你的年龄是24岁,会英语和法语两种语言。写一封求职信。50词左右。 Dear sir, I’m Carl Simth.I’m 24years old . I’m good at writing and talking .I can speak English and French . I want to be a reporter in your TV station .I think I can do wellin the new job .Please give me a chance .I’ll try my best to do my job better .

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如果你是鹿厂中学的校长,你想招聘一名英语老师,请写一则广告刊登在报纸上。 WANTED:Do you like children? Do you kike to teach? Can you ing English song ? Can you speak English well ? If your answer is “Yes”,Then we have a job for you as an English teacher. Please call Mr Smith at 331-4255. Unit 5 ---背教材p29-3a、3b 假设现在是星期日上午8:30,Dave和他的同伴们正在公园玩,请根据下面提供的信息写一下他们的活动。
Name Activity Place Dave 、Jim and Kevin Play soccer Over there Kate and Sally Dance Under a tree Linda Play the violin Behind the tree Judie Read a book Near a tree Tom and Ken Swim At a pool Brad Listen to music Near the pool It is 8:30 on Saturday morning .It’s very fine today .Dave and his friends are in the park .There are many people here .It’s very busy in the park .Look!What are Dave’s friends doing ?Well,Dave ,Jim and Kevin are playing soccer over there .Kate and Sally are dancing under a tree .Linda is playing the ciolin behind the tree . Near the tree,Judie is reading a book .Where are Tom and Ken ?Oh,they are swimming at a pool .They swim very well .Brad is listening to the music near the pool .He likes music very much .They are all happy . 几篇现在进行时的文章: 1、 It is Sunday. The Turners are free and they are staying at home .They are doing different kinds of things. Mr Turner is mending his car. Mrs Turener is sitting at the table . She is drinking. Bob is talking on the phone . Nancy is sitting near the pool. She is watching the dog swimming. They are having a good time . 2、 It is a fine Sunday. There are many people in the park. They are playing happily (高兴地). Some are playing beach volleyball on the beach .A man is lying on the chair .A man is swimming .He can swim very well. A man is talking with him .He is learning from him (向他学习游泳).Everyone is having a good time . 3、 Look at the picture .There are some boys in the picture. They are playing basketball .Near them under the tree, two girls are reading a book . Who are working near the house ?

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3 Unit 6----背教材P35-3a、3b 天气预报的短文 Good morning ! Here’s the weather report for some big cities in the world . Beijing is cloudy . It’s very cold, so wear warm clothes when you go out . In Hong Kong there’s beautiful sunshine.(阳光灿烂). People will feel cool in the daytime. It is sunny in New York , but there’s a strong wind (大风) in the afternoon. It will be rainy in Sydney but very hot. The day after tomorrow (后天) will be sunny. That’s the weather report for today . Thank you for listening .(谢谢收听) Unit 7----背教材P43-3a、P45-3a、3b 根据提供的信息写一篇短文:汤姆高高的个子,中等身材,金色的短直发,会讲英语和一点汉语,喜欢打篮球,最喜欢的动物是熊猫和海豚。他认为熊猫很可爱,海豚很聪明。 Tom is tall and has a medium bulid .He has short blonde straight hair .He can speak English and a little Chinese.He likes reading books and playing basketball .His favorite animals are panadas and dolphins .He thinks panadasare cute and dolphins are clever. Unit 8---背教材P49-3a、P51-3a 假如你是披萨店的老板,请写一则广告介绍一下你店里披萨的种类。 Would you like some pizzas? Please come to the House of Pizza .There are all kinds of Pizzas here—small ones ,medium ones and large ones .We also have two specials .One is onions and salad,and the other is tomotoes,potatoes and cheese .The prices are quite reasonable .Welcome to the House of Pizza .I think you will like them . 根据下面的提示词,描述一下你家人一日三餐的饮食情况。 提示词:eggs,porridge,beef,rice,noodles,fish,onion,cabbage,dumplings。 There are three people in my family .They are my parents and I. My father and my mother like eggs and porridge for breakfast .But I like noddles .My father eats dumplings for lunch .My mother and I have beef and rice for lunch .For dinner,my parents like to eat cabbage ,fish,onion and noddles ,but I like onion dumplings .

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